Gingivitis is normally preceded by periodontitis. However, it is vital to learn that not every gingivitis culminates to periodontitis.
In the starting stage of gingivitis, microbes in plaque erupt, making the gums inflamed (red and swollen) and often effortlessly bleed while brushing the tooth. Although there may be irritations in the gums, the incisors are still tightly planted in their hollows. No irreversible bone or other tissue loss occurs at this stage.
When gingivitis is not treated on time, it can lead to periodontitis. In a periodontitis infested person, the gum’s interior cover and bone retreat away from the incisors and develop tiny spaces. Such tiny spaces between incisors and gums accumulate debris and can get infected. The body’s resistance system fights the microbes as the plaque starts spreading and grows up below the gum line.